Light in general relativity


Gravitational deflection of light

On one of the fundamental consequences of general relativity: the deflection of light by gravity

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The equivalence principle and the deflection of light

The connection between one of the fundamental principles of general relativity and the gravitational deflection of light

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A brief history of gravitational lensing

Historical sketch of the derivation of general relativity’s prediction of gravitational lenses and subsequent astronomical observations

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Gravitational redshift and White Dwarf stars

One of the fundamental effects predicted by general relativity, and some of its astronomical applications

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